Municipalities Matter

Municipalities Matter

Municipalities Matter

Municipalities Matter... And So Does Resiliency

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Municipalities Matter

And So Does Resiliency

CML, individual cities and towns, and allied organizations continue working to bring about new collaborative efforts between the state and local governments to make our communities more resilient to climate-change-related risks.  

Two years ago, the state government commissioned an overview study by experts from the University of Colorado, Colorado State University, and other institutions on Colorado’s vulnerabilities to increases in wildfires, floods, heat waves, and other climate change impacts. 

The Colorado Local Resilience Project brought together 78 representatives of 30 local governments, who produced a broad, consensus report outlining a path forward in how local governments can improve their resilience to climate-related risks. 

This call for action asks more local governments to take action in their own communities to improve their local resilience, and for local governments to work together and in partnership with the state and federal governments. Climate-related risks do not respect governmental boundaries, and coordinated actions among all levels of government will be necessary. 

In the past few months, delegations of local officials and staff have had meetings with the governor’s staff and top officials at the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment (CDPHE), Department of Natural Resources (DNR), and Colorado Office of Economic Development and International Trade to push collaborative state-local action on several priority recommendations. 

The central message in these meetings has been that local governments are demonstrating leadership in preparing for the potential risks of climate change, but that to be fully effective those efforts need to rest on a strong foundation of state and local collaboration. 

Out of the 36 recommendations from the Local Resilience Project, we have pushed for several practical, affordable priorities: 

  • That CDPHE collaborate with local public health officials and others to determine how climate-related risks can best be factored into state public health programs and regulatory decisions. 
  • That the state government lead a collaborative process, with input from local health departments and others, to assess the existing capacity of state and local health departments to address climate-related risks to public health, and as necessary to develop proposals to fill in the gaps in that capacity.  
  • That a detailed assessment of climate-related risks to natural resources and recreation in Colorado be prepared. This could be a comprehensive study, or it could begin with one or more individual topics. A scientific assessment of exactly how a hotter, drier climate could increase our wildfire risks would be a logical starting point. 
  • That CDPHE take the lead in convening an annual workshop for state and local health officials to learn from experts about the latest information on climate-related risks to public health, and how those risks can be tackled. 
  • That DNR convene similar annual workshops focused on risks to natural resources and outdoor recreation. 
  • That the state government pull together and make available information to help local governments with their preparedness actions, including through a single clearinghouse on climate change, climate impacts, and best practices. 

In these and other ways, the state government and local governments can work together to be much more cost-effective than if everybody tries to tackle these issues alone. 

Local governments, of course, have a unique and crucial role in addressing climate-related risks, just as with any other risks to the safety and prosperity of their communities and residents. The type of local risks posed by climate change may be new. But local government action to reduce local risks has been important for as long as we have had local government. 

Contact me to learn how your city or town might become involved in these efforts or to share the story of what you are already doing.

Municipalities Matter ... In All Areas of Colorado

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Municipalities Matter

In All Areas of Colorado

Colorado MapRemember a few years ago, there was a lot of talk here about various counties across the state seceding to create a 51st state. It died with a thud, but the emotional part of this resonated with me and I blogged about it at the time

I was reminded of this Colorado urban-rural divide debate once again as I was listening to Gov. John Hickenlooper’s State of the State speech last week. I thought it was an excellent speech, which touched upon several important themes. One that he mentioned is “rural” - 15 times. 

I am in the middle of a terrific book premised upon what growing up in rural American means: Hillbilly Elegy, by J.D. Vance. It is a riveting story about one young man’s life in Appalachia culminating in his graduation from Yale Law School. This book is helping me to understand many complex things going on in our society right now. It is well written, expressed in a very respectful tone. 

As I have discovered, rural means many things to many people. Demographers will have one way of describing rural, economists another. There is not one single legal definition, and Washington alone has at least 15 different definitions of the word either in statue or regulation. 

As I have said before, rural for me is wrapped up in a sense of community and an attitude of “we just need a hand-up and not a hand out.” There is a strong adherence to individualism, as well as a recognition among the municipal leaders I know so well in rural Colorado that they will reach out and work with other neighboring cities and towns to solve a problem. It is also an attitude of getting things done without fanfare. All these good folks really want in return is to be listened to and have a sense that their voices are heard. 

The Kansas City Federal Reserve Bank branch in Denver recently released an employment trends analysis for Colorado and other states in the Rocky Mountain region. It found that half of our state’s counties still have not recovered the jobs lost when the financial crisis hit us hard in 2008. These rural counties have nearly 3 percent fewer jobs today, while the state’s more urban counties have nearly 12 percent more jobs since 2008. 

We have more deaths attributed to opioid and prescription drug abuse than we do from homicides in Colorado. The most acute problems of abuse have been tracked to more than a dozen rural counties in Colorado. 

There is an information highway divide that exists in this state, most of which involves adequate access to broadband. This is a necessary utility and not a luxury from an economic development standpoint in so many rural areas of the state. 

Our natural resource declines in the state have a had a dramatic impact in places such as the North Fork Valley in Delta County as well as Craig and Moffat County. 

Gov. Hickenlooper laid out several proposals that are worth highlighting as evidence of a strong partnership between the state and municipalities: 

  • He has called for an “on the ground” rural economic development specialist to be located somewhere other than Denver to be the eyes and ears of rural Colorado. The League stands ready to assist this individual. Additionally, the Colorado Department of Local Affairs has in a budget request for an individual to specifically focus on communities impacted by serious natural resource declines. 
  • The governor made an impassioned plea for more financial assistance to communities in need of broadband. He is calling for the creation of a broadband point person in his office to coordinate the many efforts throughout state government. This is a terrific idea. 
  • We need a statewide solution to solve statewide transportation and transit issues; he has called upon the General Assembly to work with him this session to accomplish this. 
  • Finally, Gov. Hickenlooper correctly identified the “fiscal thicket” of tax policy and its negative impact upon both school financing and the state’s general fund. The hospital provider fee gets us there, but more profound changes to tax policy, starting with TABOR, would be even better. 

These are the challenges we face heading into the new year. I think we are up to the task, and I am interested in what you think.

Municipalities Matter: Life Is Better

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Municipalities Matter

Life Is Better


Again and again, Colorado cities and towns earn national recognition as “best places to live” and “best places to start a business.” There are many factors behind the popularity of our cities and towns - Colorado’s natural beauty, our educated workforce, and the economic development efforts of our municipalities working with the business community to create jobs. There is another element that is a major factor in the success of our cities and towns: the quality of life features created by municipal governments. 

CML takes a look at this factor in our 2017 State of Our Cities & Towns report, which is based on a survey that measured the depth and variety of “livability” amenities provided by municipal governments. Municipal government has become so much more than providing basic services such as public safety and utilities. The public has demanded and supported the delivery of a long list of amenities that have created the quality of life we enjoy in our cities and towns. 

You can hike city trails during the day (the Golden trail system comes to mind) and attend a performance at the municipal theater that evening. Take your kids to the zoo (perhaps the historic Pueblo Zoo). Take your animals to the dog park. Turn some dirt at a community garden. Sell your crop at the farmer’s market. Learn and socialize at the Wray Public Library. Watch the For Peetz Sake Day parade on Main Street, ooh and aah at the Fourth of July fireworks, or enjoy any number of community events (Alamosa hosts many throughout the year). Fish at the Lamar ponds. Treat your out of town visitors to our rich history in a historic downtown such as Silverton or a local museum like Limon's. Visit parks and recreation centers to swim laps, romp through the splash pad, sign up for softball, or practice yoga. Smell the sage brush in the wide expanse of municipal open space. Ride through Loveland’s North Lake Park on the Buckhorn Railroad or just stand in awe of the beauty of the Garden of the Gods in Colorado Springs. 

Can there be anywhere else in the world where a city program offers ice climbing at one end of town and a soak in the municipal hot springs pool at the other? That’s life in Ouray. 

Municipal facilities, activities, and events create the quality of life that makes our cities and towns the best places to live, work, and raise a family. 

I cannot state it better than Colorado Springs Parks and Recreation Director Karen Palus did in her interview: “Quality of life issues are important to families when you’re making decisions about which community you want to live in and where you want to raise your children.”

Still wondering why you should plan for quality of life? In less than five minutes, one more video will explain it all. I would like to know your thoughts on this matter.


Municipalities Matter: Planning for the Future

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Municipalities Matter

Planning for the Future

There was a pop song from the early 1970s by folk singer Melanie that is apropos for what I have to say in this year-end blog. Maybe you remember some of the lyrics: 

I got a brand new pair of roller skates
You got a brand new key
I think we should get together and try them out you see 

Well, we have new desk chairs for the CML staff, and we have two new colleagues sitting in those new chairs. 

Morgan Cullen is the newest member of our lobbying team, joining Kevin Bommer (who expertly directs our statehouse activity), Dianne Criswell, and Meghan Dollar. Morgan has a very strong background in municipal economic development out of Aurora, and also worked for my old pal and fellow Capitol denizen, former Gov. Bill Owens. 

Tami Yellico is our newest chief justice over Colorado municipal law, as our municipal legal services manager. This is a new position I created to provide an even sharper focus on the needs of our esteemed and valued municipal law community in the state. She has a 25-year background in the practice of local government law. As they say, she has the “chops.” 

We are lucky to have them join our family, and I am excited to have you meet them. 

Here at the League, we join your cities and towns in honoring the past while planning for the future. (Look at what Leadville Mayor Greg Labbe and his great city recently did by buying the iconic Tabor Opera House. Leadville wants to preserve its past by investing in its future. This is what I’m talking about.) 

Since 1923, CML has provided advocacy, information, and training for the betterment of Colorado cities and towns. In support of that legacy, we have a strategic plan that guides CML for the future. I am proud of the effort that my staff colleagues and board members have put into it. Honoring our past, we are planning for the future. 

I recently shared my 2017 vision with the CML Executive Board, so very capably guided by our president, Montrose City Manager Bill Bell. Not to be presumptuous, I thought you might be interested: 

  • I am excited to help Tami continue to build a solid foundation for the League within the municipal law area. She has unbounded energy and is brimming with ideas in her efforts to reach out to municipal lawyers statewide, and she will help recommit CML to serve in new and interesting ways the needs of these men and women who we all rely upon for sage advice and direction. 
  • We plan a remodel of the library area, and are calling the project “building for the future.” This is a high priority for me. We plan to construct additional meeting and office space, as well as a recording studio, where we can record our webinars, produce our videos, and expand into other areas, such as podcasts. The architects are lined up and I expect the project to get underway in June. 
  • Our strategic plan will continue to be refined and implemented. We are in its fourth year, and have implemented many changes. It has a focus on advocacy, member engagement, training, research, information, and leadership. Our municipal research revamp with Mark Radtke at the helm is but one tangible result of the plan. I remain totally focused on it. Kudos to Kevin in overseeing it all. 
  • Our municipal research functions should always have a focus on best practices, and I will be searching for new ways to enhance that with our Research Committee, chaired by Buena Vista Town Administrator Brandy Reiter, who is a municipal administrator rock star. 
  • We have a new federal administration, and I am looking forward to forging new partnerships and seeking new opportunities with President-elect Donald Trump on behalf of our great Colorado cities and towns. I personally wish him all the very best of success in his endeavors. And, I hope over time he gets to meet and know the true problem solvers in public service, all of you! 

As we approach the new year of 2017, these are things within the friendly confines of CML that I am looking forward to, and I would love your feedback. As you know, I always enjoy my visits to your communities so let’s plan some in the coming months. 

One final thing, I want to remind you about our Municipal Hero awards program. Be sure to make your nominations by March 3. 

Enjoy a wonderful holiday season, and the very best to each of you in the new year ahead. I value your leadership and support of CML.

Municipalities Matter: Mayors, Broadband, Soda Pop, and Chickens

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Municipalities Matter

Mayors, Broadband, Soda Pop, and Chickens

By Sam Mamet, CML executive director, and Mark Radtke, CML municipal research analyst

We are truly a government “of the people” - and the best examples of the people deciding their future can be found in Colorado’s municipal elections. 

On Nov. 8, nearly 70 cities and towns placed issues or candidates on the ballot. Municipal ballot issues reflect local concerns. Boulder voters approved a two-cents per ounce tax on sweetened beverages, backyard chickens were given the green light in Lochbuie, and voters in Walsenburg decided to disband the police department and contract with the sheriff for law enforcement. 

City council and town board elections were held in 16 municipalities. Among incumbents re-elected were Mayor Mike Waid of Parker, Mayor Jim Haskins of Hayden, and Mayor Markey Butler of Snowmass Village. Voters in Rocky Ford decided to remove three out of five city councilmembers in a recall election. 

One of the biggest issues facing municipalities across the state is the demand for better broadband Internet service. Colorado statutes require an affirmative vote of the people before municipalities can provide or partner with the private sector to provide broadband, a vital service to both commercial and residential consumers. To underscore the importance of this issue to the public - 65 municipalities have now approved broadband ballot issues - 19 of them in this election. Every city and town that has proposed municipal broadband has been given overwhelming support from voters. 

Passage of tax measures was a 50-50 proposition this fall. Among the questions before voters: Boulder approved a two-cent per ounce tax on sugar sweetened beverages; Dacono said yes to a lodging tax to support economic development program; Glenwood Springs extended an existing one cent sales tax; Grand Lake approved a one-cent sales tax increase for streets and sidewalks; Lafayette rejected a property tax increase to finance free ride RTD bus passes for residents; Pueblo rejected a sales tax for public safety and streets, but approved a sales tax for crime prevention and youth programs; Sterling said no to a lodging tax to finance a convention center; and Telluride gave the green light for a sales tax to support San Miguel Authority for Regional Transportation. 

Public improvements will be built following the approval of bond issues. Louisville will build a $28.6 million recreation/senior center, while Glenwood Springs approved $54 million for streets and bridges, and Telluride approved $4.2 million for parking improvements and a parking garage. 

Marijuana issues continue to appear on many ballots. In the latest round, sales were approved in Englewood and Palisade and rejected in Del Norte, Federal Heights, Florence, Lochbuie, Palmer Lake, and Simla. Nine municipalities passed marijuana tax issues while four such measures failed.

Municipalities Matter: Colorado’s Affordable Housing Crisis

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Municipalities Matter

Colorado’s Affordable Housing Crisis

By Meghan Dollar, CML legislative & policy advocate, and Sam Mamet, CML executive director

House Sold

For the past five years Colorado has steadily grown in population. Many individuals move themselves or their families to our beautiful state for the weather and outdoor amenities. Who can blame them when Colorado is filled with so many terrific communities? As a result of this population increase, quality affordable housing is becoming harder and harder to find. 

According to the most recent vacancy and rent survey found through the Division of Housing, the average rent in Colorado is nearly $1,300 per month. That is substantial when compared to the average rent in 2011, which was under $800. The average vacancy rate in Colorado is currently 5 percent, which leaves little on the market when it comes to affordability. 

While some may attribute the lack of affordable housing as just a metro area issue, it is clear that housing is an issue statewide. Resort towns have long worked for more workforce housing in their communities, and rural areas face similar issues when they lack viable housing stock.  

CML has long worked at the state level to ensure the budget line item for affordable housing projects within the Division of Housing remains funded. Currently, in the governor’s proposed budget, the state has allocated $2 million to that line item. That will account for roughly 250 new affordable housing units in Colorado in 2017-2018. 

To create even more units, Colorado has reinvested in the state low-income housing tax credit. This program is operated through the Colorado Housing & Finance Authority (CHFA) and has, between 2014 and 2016, contributed to the development of nearly 2,000 units. 

We know this is a top priority for many of our members, so CML is hosting an affordable housing summit on Wednesday, Nov. 9. The all-day seminar will give municipal elected officials an overview of the affordable housing issue and opportunities to fund new affordable housing with speakers from the federal and state level, as well as from communities that have devised their own programs to pursue funding. We look forward to utilizing this opportunity to engage with municipal official on this extremely important topic. 

As we all know, housing is key to a thriving community. We know that municipal leaders across the state are very committed to this issue. We would love to hear from you on how you are addressing affordable housing.

Municipalities Matter - All Politics Remain Local

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Municipalities Matter

All Politics Remain Local

Solving problems is what municipal leaders do best, and that takes vision. On Nov. 8, voters in nearly 70 cities and towns across Colorado will decide the future of their own communities in municipal elections. They will be voting for candidates, as well as deciding the fate of dozens of ballot questions. 

City council and town board of trustee elections are scheduled in 16 Colorado cities and towns, and a recall election for five city councilmembers is slated in Rocky Ford. An additional 52 municipalities have scheduled a wide variety of ballot questions to be decided by voters. 

Colorado statutes require an election to allow a municipality to provide broadband service or partner with the private sector to provide that service, and voters in 46 cities and towns already have approved municipal broadband. This fall, 18 municipalities have put the issue on the ballot: Arvada, Aspen, Basalt, Black Hawk, Breckenridge, Carbondale, Cripple Creek, Dolores, Golden, Green Mountain Falls, Hudson, Lafayette, New Castle, Palisade, Parachute, Silt, Superior, and Woodland Park. 

Del Norte, Englewood, Federal Heights, Florence, Lochbuie, Palisade, Palmer Lake, Pueblo, and Simla voters will decide whether to allow marijuana sales.

Marijuana taxes are being considered in Central City, Del Norte, Englewood, Florence, Palisade, Palmer Lake, Parachute, Pueblo, Sheridan, Silt, Thornton, and Yuma. 

Denver voters will decide whether to allow marijuana use in designated consumption areas. 

Term Limits
Two municipalities are exploring term limits: Boulder is asking whether to permit only three terms in a lifetime, while Parachute is asking whether to limit councilmembers to three consecutive terms. 

Tax and Bond Issues
Bond proposals for public improvements are on the ballot in several municipalities: 


  • Basalt - $3.1 million for park project 
  • Englewood - $27 million for police building 
  • Firestone - $10.5 million for police building 
  • Glenwood Springs - $54 million for streets and bridges 
  • Hayden - $4 million for streets 
  • Louisville - $28.6 million for recreation/senior center 
  • Telluride - $4.2 million for parking improvements/parking garage 


TABOR override ballot questions face voters in Castle Rock, Crested Butte, Fort Collins, Georgetown, Palmer Lake, and Williamsburg. 

Non-marijuana tax proposals will be considered in 33 cities and towns. A sampling: 


  • Boulder - a two-cent per ounce tax on sugar sweetened beverages 
  • Dacono - lodging tax to support economic development program 
  • Glenwood Springs - extend existing one cent sales tax 
  • Grand Lake - one cent sales tax increase for streets and sidewalks  
  • Louisville - mill levy increase to construct recreation/senior center and sales tax increase to fund center operation 
  • Lafayette - property tax to finance free ride RTD bus passes for Lafayette residents 
  • Pueblo - sales tax for crime prevention and youth programs 
  • Sterling - lodging tax to finance a convention center 
  • Telluride - sales tax to support San Miguel Authority for Regional Transportation 


Other Issues
Other issues to be decided include: 


  • Edgewater - use of existing park land for the site of a new civic center complex  
  • Lochbuie - allow backyard chickens, ducks, pigeons, and doves 
  • Morrison - ban fuature rooftop patios in the Commercial Transition District 
  • Palmer Lake - allow publication of ordinances by title only 
  • Thornton - police officer collective bargaining 
  • Westminster - firefighter collective bargaining 


As ballots are being mailed out statewide this week, voting is not only important at the top of the ticket, but down ballot as well, especially as it relates to cities and towns.

Municipalities Matter: Especially in Leadership

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Municipalities Matter

Especially in Leadership

2016 Mayora

We just concluded our annual mayors leadership summit, a two-day event planned by mayors for mayors. This was its fourth year, and every time it just gets better. 

More than 50 mayors from across Colorado attended and heard from thought leader former Gov. Richard Lamm, political analyst and commentator Floyd Ciruli, and one of the state’s top municipal attorneys, Bob Widner, Centennial city attorney and CML Executive Board member. 

We had a terrific gathering at the Boettcher Mansion, the official residence for the governor, that was co-hosted by various members of Gov. John Hickenlooper’s Cabinet. As you know, our incredible governor was Denver mayor. “Once a mayor, always a mayor,” as he has told me a time or two ... or three! 

I want to especially thank the mayors who presented at the summit: 


  • John Suthers, Colorado Springs 
  • Joyce Jay, Wheat Ridge 
  • Chuck Hitchcock, Fowler 
  • Ron Rakowsky, Greenwood Village 
  • Wade Troxell, Fort Collins 
  • Cecil Gutierrez, Loveland 
  • Ronn Akey, Wray 
  • Phyllis Norris, Grand Junction 


The summit covered topics such as opioid and drug abuse, meetings management, leadership tips, working with city managers (a discussion led by CML President and Montrose City Manager Bill Bell), success stories, and hidden community gems. 

What did I take away from the event? In this rancorous national election for president, it is refreshing to hear from local leaders. These are men and women who serve without partisan favor (holding municipal office under Colorado state law is strictly nonpartisan, and I for one hope it always stays that way). They simply want to solve problems, make their communities better, and work as a team with their councils and staffs. They have vision and passion, and they want to collaborate. Many of them believe in solving local problems regionally. And, they look to CML for guidance and assistance. 

There are more than 1,800 men and women who serve our 272 cities and towns as municipal elected officials in Colorado. Mayors and other municipal office holders help to guide our beloved Centennial State with a steady hand on a daily basis. Their leadership and dedication to public service are both inspirational, and give me continued great hope for the future.

Municipalities Matter: Stop Taxing Water Efficiency Rebates

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By Sam Mamet, CML executive director, and Cynthia Koehler, WaterNow Alliance executive director 

Water Efficiency

The National League of Cities (NLC) and WaterNow Alliance (WNA) are teaming up to ask the White House to clarify that water efficiency rebates offered by our communities to promote resilience and water security should not be considered “income” for federal tax purposes. If you would like to help with this effort, please take a look at the draft letter to the White House that these organizations are circulating online for sign-on by the governing boards and executive staff of public utilities. 

Water conservation and efficiency rebates are a critical tool for municipal leaders and water utilities in encouraging their ratepayers to adopt water saving technology. From “cash for grass” to toilet rebates to support for low water irrigation systems, consumer subsidies have helped local water utilities save millions of gallons of water across Colorado and the nation. However, as conservation rebate programs have grown, the IRS has indicated that it views rebate checks (more than $600) as taxable income, requiring water utilities to issue 1099s to all participating consumers. Taxing water rebates as income is a clear disincentive to people who would otherwise be willing and able to adopt efficiency technology for their homes and businesses. 

NLC and WNA both participated earlier this year in the White House Water Innovation Roundtable, where the administration laid out its commitment to support communities in advancing water saving programs. For this reason, a direct appeal from water leaders – those who bear the greatest burden for ensuring cities and towns have secure and resilient water supplies – may make a difference. A large number of water industry organizations have also weighed in asking the IRS to reconsider its policy. But the administration has yet to hear directly from the leaders of cities and towns most directly impacted. 

To date, more than 65 local leaders from across the West have signed on to the White House Letter. You can view the current list of signatories here. WNA has prepared a policy brief about this issue that you can read here. For more information, contact Cynthia Koehler, WaterNow Alliance executive director, at

Municipalities Matter: Citizens' Academies

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Municipalities Matter

Citizens' Academies

By CML Executive Director Sam Mamet and CML Research Analyst Interns Isabelle Boes and Cassidy Francies

Citizens AcademyIn the CML’s latest Knowledge Now, a publication that explores increasingly relevant municipal trends, CML Research Analyst Interns Isabelle Boes and Cassidy Francies examine the qualities of successful citizens’ academies. 

Citizens’ academies are local education programs that teach residents about the issues faced by their community and how the government and various public safety departments approach these issues. Some academies are about the general mechanisms of local government while others are specific to police or fire department, and there are often youth versions of each type of course. 

While some programs are more than 20 years old, many municipalities in Colorado have recently enacted a citizens’ academy or two and have already seen success in educating residents their communities and improving relationships between citizens and public departments. 

To determine what factors of these citizens’ academies make them so popular, CML surveyed seven in-state cities and towns and two out-of-state municipalities to create a guide for other municipalities looking to enact a program. Survey questions related to funding sources, promotion techniques, accessibility of classes, hands on experiences offered, and challenges that each academy faced and overcame. 

Although each program was unique, CML found that most citizens’ academies built funding into the municipal or departmental budget so that the program was free for residents, with classes offered in the evenings to fit the schedules of working adults with hands-on experience such as a police car or fire truck ride along to spark interest. Many accredit promotional success to social media and its broad range of platforms. 

These approaches can be tailored depending on the size, budget, and type of program and most of the cities and towns surveyed expressed the importance of constantly reevaluating and modernizing the course. 

For more information on the goals and themes of each type of academy, details on how exactly the successful programs became so accessible and popular, and advice on overcoming some of biggest challenges to this project, check out the newest issue of CML’s Knowledge Now. You can also contact me with your thoughts and questions – I would love to hear from you!

Municipalities Matter: Learning Leadership

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Municipalities Matter

Learning Leadership

By Sam Mamet, CML executive director, and Angelica Wedell, National Research Center Inc. marketing and business development coordinator 

Conference Opening Session

Local government employees and public servants work hard to make their cities and towns better places in which to live. So for the last 94 years, the Colorado Municipal League has brought together hundreds of city and town staff and elected officials from all over Colorado to network, learn, and celebrate municipal accomplishments. This year, more than 1,000 attendees gathered in Vail, where the CML annual conference has been hosted many times before. 

This event is a yearly highlight for many attendees, including sponsor National Research Center Inc., who asked a few municipal staff and elected officials what inspires them to serve in the public sector and what they appreciated most about the conference. 

“Coming from the private sector previously, one thing that I really love and appreciate is the passion local government employees have for what they do. It is not just about a paycheck.”
– Julia Holland, Loveland human resources director “Local government is where the rubber hits the road. It’s where we can have a huge impact on a daily basis. When we all work together with elected officials, city staff and the community, great things happen.”

– Mike Bennett, Fruita city manager 

“[In today’s communities] everyone is busy. Not everybody has time to be as involved as they might like to. I’m so happy to represent so many people in my community at the level that I’m able to. I just try to keep those folks in mind and take that responsibility seriously and make myself available and accessible to listen.”
– Stephanie Walton, Lafayette council member 

“I am especially fascinated by planning, which a lot of people find boring. But how can you find it boring when that is what you walk past every day? It’s what you drive through every day. It is what makes your community. What people love or don’t love about their community starts with planning and land use.”
– Melissa Mata, Mead management assistant and Colorado Department of Local Affairs Best and Brightest intern 

“I really like the idea that council members, city managers and local government staff can all learn a lot from different sessions. My mayor is here and he’s going to his council sessions and I’m going to the administrator sessions, and I really like that blend.”
– Brandy Reitter, Buena Vista town administrator 

“I’m still picking up on how [local government] all works. So to come here and learn from all of these people who have been doing it for years has been great. The amount of knowledge in the people here, and their friendliness, can help me in my own challenges.”
– Ken Kreie, Fruita council member 

“I’ve found the conference classes enlightening and useful for future council work. I hope to bring some of this information back to colleagues in Lafayette. I also hope that they continue to have CML conferences in these wonderful environments like Vail.”
– Tom Dowling, Lafayette council member 

“I got a lot of information out of the federal agencies update and how it affects cities and residential programs. And it’s good to network; you see people you’ve met before and you meet some new ones. I’ve really enjoyed that.”
– Duncan McArthur, Grand Junction council member 

Many municipal officials recognize the value of learning to help them in their service to their residents – not just at the conference, but year-round through CML’s workshops and webinars. And CML recognizes their dedication through the MUNIversity program, which provides awards at various levels to outstanding municipal leaders

 If you attended the conference, we thank you. If you missed it, we hope to see you next year for our 95th CML Annual Conference in Breckenridge, June 20-23, 2017.

Municipalities Matter: Keep It Simple

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Municipalities Matter

Keep It Simple

By Sam Mamet, CML executive director, and Geoff Wilson, CML general counsel 

Keep It SimpleKeep it simple, stupid! 

That approach is exactly what guides us in the League's ongoing efforts to simplify the sales tax collection system for a number of home rule cities and towns in the state.

CML’s Sales Tax Simplification Committee, which includes a representative of each of the 69 home rule municipalities that locally collect their sales tax, has completed work on a package of standardized sales and use tax definitions. 

The goal in developing these definitions was to reflect current tax practices so that the definitions could be adopted without a TABOR election. Use of standardized definitions furthers the general goal of simplifying our sales tax system by decreasing the likelihood that a given term will be given different interpretations by various municipalities. The definitions were developed in response to a 2014 request from the General Assembly. 

A subcommittee built upon the already considerable similarity between municipalities in their existing definitions to develop the updated definitions. By reflecting current tax practices, the definitions are intended to provide greater clarity to businesses without causing a revenue loss or gain to the municipality, and without resulting in a change in tax treatment of local businesses. 

Prior to finalization, the package was reviewed by a group of municipal attorneys with a tax focus, and by a group of business tax experts and attorneys. The latter group included representatives of the Colorado Association of Commerce and Industry, Colorado Retail Council, Xcel, Century Link, Simplify Colorado Taxes, and private tax counsel. Following a series of meetings with these business community representatives, a number of changes were incorporated into the package. 

While municipal and business experts alike continued to express concern about use of this or that definition in a particular context, the overall package and its object were widely supported by both groups. 

The definitions package is available on the CML website under Issues > Taxation > Sales Tax. CML encourages adoption of these updated definitions, to the extent that they apply, in municipalities that locally collect their sales tax, provided that the city attorney and tax staff ensure that a TABOR election will not be required. The League plans to periodically update the definitions package to reflect the latest understanding of terms. 

CML wants to acknowledge the outstanding work of Rachel Allen, former CML staff attorney and now senior assistant city attorney for Commerce City. This project involved numerous five- to six-hour meetings of the main drafting group, as well as meetings of various simultaneously working subcommittees. Without her steady hand, this project would not have come to fruition. 

We acknowledge that life is not always simple, yet as municipal leaders we strive to make life a little simpler in the sales tax collection system. 

I would love to hear from you on how you have streamlined procedures and policies to make life simpler for businesses - especially small businesses, which, after all, remain a backbone of Colorado's economy.

Municipalities Matter: A Long and Winding Road

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Municipalities Matter

Long_Winding_RoadLast week, my colleague, Mark Radtke, and I drove to Chicago … and we didn’t even leave Colorado. We came close to a thousand mile journey with our leg of CML’s spring outreach meetings. We started in Limon and ended in Avon. Let me assure you it wasn’t straight across I-70.

We traveled across the Eastern Plains, around the Lower Arkansas Valley, across La Veta Pass and into the San Luis Valley, up and over Wolf Creek Pass and into the Animas Valley, then up and down Red Mountain, Molas, and Coal Bank Passes (XMAS in May, and that is another story) through to the Capitol of the Grand Valley, Grand Junction, and finally to the heart of the Vail Valley, Avon.

We listened to many great stories of cooperation and solving problems. For example, there are a number of MOUs being written between Crestone, Moffat, and work with Saguache for all sorts of public improvements. A great many new infrastructure projects are being built, including parks, trails, and even a whitewater park connected with a wastewater plant in Durango (I think my hearing aids might have been acting up).

The bottom line is leadership in the municipal family is as tall as Pikes Peak and as majestic as the Colorado Monument. It is flourishing in cities and towns large and small.

You get a real sense of the energy and the spirit when you attend these meetings as I have been doing for a few years now. It is inspiring and energizing. Yes, it was a long and winding road, but a good trip and I am proud to work for great municipal officials. I never turn down an opportunity for a visit, so let me know when.

Municipalities Matter: Getting the Facts Right

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Municipalities Matter

Getting the Facts Right

By Sam Mamet, CML executive director, and Geoff Wilson, CML general counsel 

Dragnet“Just the facts, ma’am…. just the facts,” Sgt. Joe Friday would always invoke on the 1950s TV series “Dragnet." 

In the spirit of Sgt. Joe Friday, we want to present just the facts on two very important decisions that recently came forward from the Colorado Supreme Court. They have been subject to extensive social media chatter, which is generally long on spin and not much else. 

The unanimous decisions written by newly appointed Justice Richard Gabriel held that two citizen-initiated ordinances, one banning and one imposing a lengthy moratorium on hydraulic fracturing (“fracking”), were preempted by state law. Fracking refers to a process utilizing high-pressure injection, generally over a mile underground, to extract crude oil from shale, and has been a source of political controversy in some quarters in recent years. The court considered a ban initiated by Longmont voters and a five-year moratorium initiated by Fort Collins voters.

In narrowly focused decisions, the court held that both ordinances were preempted because of “operational conflict” with the application of the state’s Oil and Gas Conservation Act (the court treated Fort Collins’ five-year moratorium as amounting to a ban). 

The court first took the opportunity to clarify its jurisprudence concerning determination of home rule jurisdiction, on the one hand, and preemption in the event of conflict, on the other. The court then applied a fairly conventional analysis to the facts before it. 

After treating the extensive state regulations concerning fracking as indicating the state’s interest in uniformity of regulation, the court applied additional familiar criteria, such as the extraterritorial impact of the local fracking bans and the traditional locus of regulation, to conclude that the regulation of fracking by a home rule municipality is a matter of “mixed state and local concern.” As to matters so classified, the court explained that “a home-rule city is similar to a statutory county or town because in both cases, the validity of the local enactment turns on whether it conflicts with or is preempted by state law.” This has been a standard analysis for a long period of time. 

Turning to the preemption portion of its opinion, the court again applied a familiar analysis. As the General Assembly has never expressly preempted local authority in the oil and gas area, the industry and the state argued for invalidation of the municipal fracking ordinances based on “implied preemption,” a broad and categorical form of preemption. Adoption by the court of such rationale could mean elimination of existing municipal authority over a wide variety of oil and gas operations, potentially well beyond simply hydraulic fracturing. 

Needless to say, we were not happy with this argument, particularly as put forward by the state, who we view more as a partner with local government interests. This is why CML maintains such an active “friend of the court” or amicus curiae presence in our state courts. The statewide implications of a case are as equally important as decisions of a state regulatory body or the General Assembly. We maintain an amicus committee of prominent municipal attorneys to help guide the League in terms of what briefs ought to be filed on behalf of all cities and towns. 

Accordingly, the entire focus of CML’s brief was to urge the court not to invoke implied preemption in making its decision. We were thus pleased that the court soundly rejected reliance on implied preemption and declined to water down that standard to facilitate its application in this case. Additionally, in this portion of its opinion, the court specifically rejected the related (and oft-made) argument that local governments are categorically preempted from regulating “technical” matters relating to oil and gas production. Indeed, after citing legislative history provided by CML, the court declared that, rather than intending implied preemption, “the General Assembly has recognized the propriety of local land use ordinances that relate to oil and gas development.” An ordinance not expressly or impliedly preempted may still be preempted by “operational conflict” with a state interest. 

In what may be the most significant part of these opinions, the court clarified that determinations of such conflict will not involve an “on the ground” examination of the facts, but rather a facial comparison of the regulations at issue: 

[W]e will analyze an operational conflict by considering whether the effectuation of a local interest would materially impede or destroy a state interest, recognizing that a local ordinance that authorizes what state law forbids or forbids what state law authorizes will necessarily satisfy this standard ... [S]uch an analysis requires us to assess the interplay between state and regulatory schemes. In virtually all cases, this analysis will involve a facial evaluation of the respective statutory and regulatory schemes, not a factual inquiry as to the effect of these schemes “on the ground.” 

Citing the fact that the operational effect of both ordinances was to materially impede the effectuation of the evident state interest in the uniform regulation of hydraulic fracturing, as well as prevent operators that comply with all the state rules from utilizing fracking, the court held the ordinances preempted. 

The full effect of the court’s recasting of the operational conflict test remains to be seen. It is worth noting that both of the ordinances at issue in these cases involved the local government actually “forbidding” something; not addressed in this decision are regulations that do not amount to an outright prohibition of state-regulated activities. 

In this regard, the court, elsewhere in its opinion, reaffirmed an earlier holding rejecting so-called “same subject” preemption, declaring that “a legislative intent to preempt local control over certain activities cannot be inferred ... merely from the enactment of a state statute addressing certain aspects of those activities.” 

On the political front, these two court decisions now focus attention toward statewide ballot measures. Indeed, several such proposals are surfacing, and the industry is building a war chest to defeat them. How they will fare in the court of public opinion is anyone’s guess at this early juncture. Which if any of these measures will actually reach the fall ballot for a statewide vote will not be known until August when the Secretary of State certifies ballot measures. The League itself will address them after that if they indeed qualify. 

In the meantime, we think Sgt. Joe Friday would be pleased. You now know the facts as it relates to the legal aspects of these opinions. When it comes to local control, that is a matter of political discourse. When it comes to home rule, that is a matter entirely of constitutional law interpretation in Colorado.

Municipalities Matter: Cities Just Want to Have Fun

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Municipalities Matter

Cities Just Want to Have Fun

Trinidad from AboveWhen I was in grad school, I read and re-read The Death and Life of Great American Cities because I was in love with all things related to urban affairs and city management. The author, Jane Jacobs, properly questioned every basic tenet of city planning, and her fights with Robert Moses in New York City were the stuff of legend. The book was first published in 1961, and it is still very valid. 

Jacobs firmly believed that, at their core, cities are living organisms. They change and morph into new things all the time. No city or town remains static for long; if it does, it will wither away. 

One way to stay vibrant is to engage in urban planning that promotes fun - cultural places, parks, open space, areas for families to congregate. Do not build sterile buildings, streets, and public facilities. Take a look at this link about her work and impact

I thought of Jane Jacobs during my recent excursion down to Trinidad. Whenever I go to Trinidad, I feel that I am in the epicenter of Colorado history and that I am in a place where the real West still exists. This is one of our cities that has long sought to preserve its character. The people are terrific and the cultural heritage is vibrant … and the future is bright. I am amazed at what is going on there. 

Its latest efforts focus around “Space to Create,” a Boettcher Foundation-supported initiative. Plans call for artists studios and 12 to 20 residential units in three historic buildings on Main Street. Corazon de Trinidad has been a designated Creative District by Colorado since 2013. 

Noted Denver developer Dana Crawford, along with a number of committed residents, are all lending their expertise and leadership to this effort. There has been great cooperation with Las Animas County and the utilization of the Trinidad Urban Renewal Authority. 

Cindy Lauper recorded “Girls Just Want To Have Fun” in 1985. It was a smash hit on the pop charts for months. Well, I would submit municipal officials like Trinidad Mayor Phil Rico, his fellow councilmembers, City Manager Gabe Engeland, and Community Development Director Tara Marshall just want to have fun … exactly how Jane Jacobs envisioned. 

I’d like to hear from you on how you celebrate fun in your city or town.

Municipalities Matter: Elections Bring Change

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Municipalities Matter

Elections Bring Change

This past Tuesday, we had nearly 120 cities and towns across the state hold regular elections, along with numerous local ballot questions

The elected leadership of many communities will now experience change with new mayors, trustees, and councilmembers. Change is constant in the municipal world. 

Another constant appears to be the faith that local voters have in their cities and towns. Question after question focusing on public investments (whether through increasing taxes, permitting broadband, or establishing home rule), citizens said “yes” far more often than not across the state. I feel that faith and trust in municipal government is strong and unwavering in Colorado. 

This is a testament to another constant. We are blessed with strong and visionary leadership among elected officials in tandem with effective guidance from city managers and other top municipal administrators. They all have their steady hands on the wheel of good municipal governance. 

To the newly elected members of our grand and glorious municipal family, congratulations! CML is your home and you are welcome anytime. Next month, we will be meeting municipal officials on a road trip across the state and we urge your attendance.

When I was speaking to the Greenwood Village City Council recently (visits to city councils and town boards are something I love to do - let me know when I can come), the great and all-knowing Mayor Ron Rakowsky handed me two pieces of paper that each councilmember, as well as the mayor, has before them at every meeting. While these “expectations” may not be in all respects entirely applicable to your governing body, there are takeaways in these statements every city and town in the state can use. I would like you to consider that. 

Finally, one other thing is constant, and that is the League. We always have been and always will be here to serve you.

Municipalities Matter: Opioids Abuse - An Eight-Point Plan

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Municipalities Matter

Opioids Abuse - An Eight-Point Plan

Opioids AbuseThe media has been replete with the saddest of stories about a serious health issue facing all of our communities – prescription drug abuse. 

Here are some facts: 

  • Each day, 44 people die as a result of an opioid overdose – far exceeding car crash deaths. 
  • According to the Centers For Disease Control And Prevention (CDC), the annual rate of opioid deaths has increased by 200 percent since 2000. 
  • A significant problem results from prescription painkillers. On March 16, a New York Times article focused on the pressures facing physicians, especially in rural areas of the nation. “Do no harm” is in the medical crosshairs more and more. As state-administered prescription drug monitoring programs clamp down on the practice of over-prescribing, some patients turn to cheaper options, such as heroin.  
  • Overdose deaths are up in almost every one of Colorado’s 64 counties. According to the widely respected Colorado Health Institute, our state’s drug death rate tops the U.S. average, and has climbed 68 percent between 2002 and 2014.  
  • The National League of Cities (NLC) and the National Association of Counties (NACO) recently formed a task force to look at how county and municipal governments can work together across the country on opioid abuse. NACO President Sallie Clark, El Paso County commissioner, former Colorado Springs councilmember, and great CML supporter, is a major player in this initiative. 

Two recent news articles deserve mention. On March 7, Cortez Journal ran excellent story about this issue and the challenges facing Montezuma County and the related pressures on local law enforcement. 

The Denver Post recently focused on overdose deaths in rural areas of the state, especially in southern Colorado, where eight counties reached the highest levels that the CDC statistically measures – 20 or more deaths per 100,000. And, it isn’t just a rural problem, Denver and Adams County peaked at the same number. 

The Colorado Springs Gazette recently featured a coalition in the Pikes Peak region addressing the epidemic of opioid-related overdoses. 

The Colorado Consortium For Prescription Drug Abuse Prevention has been meeting through several task forces to address the many facets of this issue. Dr. Robert Valuck from the University of Colorado Skaggs School of Pharmacy has been capably leading that effort. Dr. Larry Wolk, head of the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment, has been overseeing the governor’s work. I appreciate what Rob and Larry are doing. 

Let me highlight an eight-point plan municipal leaders can undertake to collectively represent city and town interests. 

  1. Ensure that every first responder in this state has an adequate supply of Naloxone, which has proven to be a key antidote for drug overdoses, sort of like the EpiPen for certain food allergies. An increasing number of police and fire response agencies are acquiring the drug, but we need to extend the reach statewide. We will be working on ways to get Naloxone distributed more comprehensively through our participation in the national local government purchasing cooperative, U.S. Communities
  2. Join Gov. John Hickenlooper and state legislators to increase the amount of community wide education which needs to occur to stop this scourge. State and local government leaders need to talk openly and honestly about it, and acknowledge that the problem exists and reaches all four corners of our state. 
  3. Work toward identifying permanent, ongoing safe disposal sites (“drop boxes”) for unused or outdated prescription drugs to be available in every city and town in this state. 
  4. Ensure that health centers receive the support they need from local leaders. We were pleased to see that the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) recently awarded nearly $2 million to five such facilities in the state to improve and expand the delivery of substance abuse services. 
  5. Call upon Colorado’s U.S. House delegation to pass legislation similar to that which the Senate just adopted (with only one “no” vote) to put forward some additional national solutions. This is not a partisan issue, it is simply good public policy. 
  6. Recognize that this is not just an issue for law enforcement and emergency medical responders to deal with. While public safety agencies at the federal, state, and local level should continue their focus on the suppliers of opiates and heroin, including prescription mills, they cannot address this alone. It will take a comprehensive approach in each community involving medical personnel, hospitals, social service agencies, mental health providers, pharmacies, clergy, school district officials, and many more. These efforts should be supported by local government officials. 
  7. The League will begin to participate in consortium meetings and provide ongoing updates to city and town leaders. 
  8. Embrace those families who have been so deeply and tragically affected by prescription drug abuse and let them know that we care about them and we share their pain. Let us involve them in our efforts. 

Let me know of your interest and commitment to join the battle to combat opioid abuse.


Municipalities Matter: Choices at the Local Level

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Municipalities Matter

Choices at the Local Level

Election BoothWhile the nation's voters continue to indicate their preferences in caucuses and primaries, voters in Colorado will be deciding the futures of their cities and towns next week. 

On April 5, citizens in 117 Colorado municipalities will be asked to vote for their municipal leaders, as well as determine the answers to a variety of questions about the future of their communities. 

Issues range from broadband access (in nine cities and towns) to sales tax increases or extensions in 13 municipalities (for projects as diverse as law enforcement in Berthoud to a municipal climate plan in Carbondale), from allowing the assumption of debt (for a downtown development authority) to allowing the retention of revenue. Marijuana is still an issue for municipalities, with nine cities and towns asking to approve taxes on its sale or production. 

How municipalities are governed is also a topic of discussion, with the adoption of a home rule ordinance taking place in Hudson.

Purely local issues take a look at bicycle (Ward) and off-highway vehicle (Creede) regulations. 

A number of long-tenured public servants will be leaving office, and many councilmembers, trustees, and mayors will be newly elected. CML thanks all municipal officials for their past and future service!

For a complete summary of election issues, view the CML press release

Other levels of government may talk a lot in order to get problems solved; at the municipal level we act to things done, in concert with our citizens. 

Let me know how you think your ballot measures will fare on April 5. I would love to hear from you.

Municipalities Matter: Connections Matter

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Municipalities Matter

Connections Matter

NLC Congressional Cities ConferenceThere are two forms of March Madness: college basketball and DC. I can’t tell you much about college basketball (my bracket busted pretty quickly with the first-round defeat of the Buffs!); however, I truly think we made it to the final four with our March trip to Washington. 

Each March, the National League of Cities (NLC) hosts its Congressional Cities Conference to help build and strengthen municipal-federal relationships. This is an important aspect of municipal leadership, and Colorado city and town leaders take full advantage of it. More than 70 municipal officials from 20 different cities and towns attended, including youth commission delegations from Brighton, Commerce City, and Loveland. 

As part of the NLC event, a variety of Hill movers and shakers and numerous federal agencies spoke with municipal leaders. CML also arranges special visits for our folks. 

This year, we heard from Mark Matthews, the Washington, D.C., reporter for The Denver Post. He gave us important insights into Colorado’s congressional delegation and some of the key issues he is following, such as the construction of the VA hospital in Aurora, transportation infrastructure funding, the ongoing federal response to the Animas River spill, and the impacts on Florence of a potential Guantanamo Bay prison closure. 

We visited two very important agencies, the Department of Transportation (DOT) and the Small Business Administration (SBA). While debate and deliberation on Capitol Hill is mightily important, the real action is now and always has been at the federal agency level. These federal officials love to visit with local municipal leaders, and these meetings are never a disappointment and always informative. 

While at DOT, we received a presentation on the recently passed federal transportation bill and got information on the train noise regulations docket recently opened by the Federal Railroad Administration (FRA). Mark Radtke on our staff is working with a number of cities and towns in the state to coordinate responses to the FRA rule; contact him for more information

I had the honor of escorting a dozen folks to SBA. In Colorado, there are nearly 560,000 small businesses employing nearly a million people - that is about half of Colorado’s private workforce. It is important to appreciate the vital work of SBA and the importance of small business to our state. In that regard, consider taking the “Startup In A Day” pledge. This is a national challenge issued to cities and towns to help develop, implement, and streamline online tools that let entrepreneurs learn more about the startup process in their community, including how to register and apply for all required licenses and permits – all in one day or less. I know we have a lot of municipalities in the state trying to streamline and simplify local business regulations, and the League has been active in streamlining aspects of the local collection of sales and use taxes. Also, May 1-7 is National Small Business Week, and I hope you will adopt a proclamation declaring it so in your municipality. At the same time, reaffirm your support to Colorado’s delegation to pass legislation in the Congress leveling the playing field for Main Street small businesses by supporting the Marketplace E-Fairness bills pending before the House and Senate. This is a top priority issue for CML and our membership. 

We also stopped by the Brookings Institution, one of the most influential think tanks in D.C., to meet with key leaders from the Metropolitan Policy Program. It was a lively conversation around infrastructure and advanced industries, such as clean tech. I am indebted to my pals Bruce Katz and Marek Gootman for helping put this meeting together. I follow their Twitter feed (@BrookingsMetro), and so should you. (By the way, mine is @SamMamet.) 

We spent time at the White House with President Barack Obama’s terrific intergovernmental team led by former Louisville, Ky., Mayor and former Lt. Governor for the Bluegrass State, Jerry Abramson. He and his team are some of the sharpest, most hard working, and nicest people you are going to find in D.C. And, they are responsive. Among the topics included in this conversation were criminal justice reform, community policing (I was able to give them our brand new Community Policing guidebook, written by my colleague Meghan Dollar), and opioid abuse, which is one of the most serious health epidemics facing our nation. City and town leaders have an important role to play in this policy arena, and you will hear from CML on next steps very soon. 

A highlight for all of us was the honor to breakfast with Sens. Michael Bennet and Cory Gardner. These two guys represent the best Colorado has to offer back in Washington. They are incredible leaders, work exceedingly well together, and care deeply about all of us. Both have been great personal friends for many years and wonderful supporters of all of you and of CML. Among the issues covered were train noise, Colorado’s pressing infrastructure needs, Internet taxation, education and workforce training, prescription drug abuse, tax-exempt municipal bonds, and immigration policy. It was a free- wheeling and wide-ranging conversation. 

Intergovernmental relations is about building partnerships, gaining trust and respect, and working together to solve problems extending beyond your own city or town borders. Connections do matter, and I am interested in how you make connections locally and regionally.

Municipalities Matter: Summer is Next Week

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Municipalities Matter

Summer is Next Week

Gosh, the time flies by. It feels like summer will be here next week, and I haven’t used up my Copper and Eldora ski passes yet! 

As it turns out, I am actually thinking about summer because the League is a proud partner of the Summer Food Service Program (SFSP), administered by the Colorado Department of Education (CDE). That effort is starting to gear up for the year. Let me share some facts with you as to this program’s importance and why municipal leaders ought to care. 

Kids at LunchDuring the school year, 21 million children receive free and reduced-price meals through the School Breakfast and National School Lunch Programs (NSLP). But when school is out, many low-income children relying on these school meals go hungry. To fill this gap, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) provides federally funded meals through the SFSP. This program provides free, nutritious meals to children at approved sites in areas with high concentrations of low-income children. Unfortunately, these summer meals reach only about 16 percent of the eligible children. 

In 2015, there were 80 program sponsors and 548 sites in Colorado, with 1,522,322 meals served. I find this to be very impressive. 

The goal of the CDE Office of School Nutrition (OSN) is to increase program access and awareness in Colorado. While 1.5 million meals were served this past summer, those involved hope to increase the number by 5 percent this year. 

The CDE OSN collaborates with statewide organizations, such as CML, to help promote the program and connect with community stakeholders to increase food access for families. The CDE OSN also began a statewide marketing campaign in 2014 including RTD bus and light rail advertisements in the Denver area, AMC Movie Theater ads, Family Dollar receipt advertisements, and summer postcards (which the League helped to distribute). That effort will continue to expand this year. 

The SFSP brings federal dollars into communities in the form of combined reimbursements for meals and operations/administrative costs. Community leaders can help by making SFSP a priority. 

As municipal leaders, I would ask you to commit to empower other community organizations and champion summer meals. Let these groups know that federal funds are available to support their efforts. 

For more information about the program, visit its website or contact Ashley Moen by email or at 303-866-6653. 

Hunger Free Colorado, in partnership with many organizations, including CML, has put together a toolkit for municipalities - Fueling Our Children for Success: The Role of Cities in Reducing Child Hunger.

I hope you will join me and start thinking about summer and committing your municipality to endorse and support this program. I would love to hear from you.

Municipalities Matter: Seeking Partnerships

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Municipalities Matter

Seeking Partnerships

I saw a recent blog post titled “In 2016, Nations May Govern But Cities Rule,” written by my pal Bruce Katz, who is a well-respected opinion leader on city issues at The Brookings Institution in Washington. 

In his blog, Bruce says, “Cities have become the engines of national economies and the vanguard of economic and social innovation. In 2016, devolution will accelerate, and the solution to our toughest problems will increasingly come from local leaders.” 

This statement totally resonates with me, and CML’s just released 2016 State Of Our Cities And Towns report on public service partnerships absolutely bears this out. 

Nearly 90 percent of Colorado’s municipalities have shared service agreements with another government for greater efficiency and savings to the taxpayer. These agreements are our answer to the challenges of rising costs, increased demands, and calls to deliver new services. 

The most frequently shared services focus on public safety, followed by solid waste, heavy equipment, weather siren networks, IT services, tourism, water and wastewater treatment, and affordable housing. 

Here are some recent notable examples: 


  • Glendale, Sheridan, and Englewood partnering with Denver for fire protection 
  • Fraser and Winter Park merging their police departments 
  • Montrose partnering with other neighboring jurisdictions on the provision of IT services 
  • San Luis Valley municipalities sharing in a State Patrol-operated 9-1-1 dispatch center 


Take a look at the brief video describing the report.

I was traveling around the West Slope recently, calling on a variety of our members. I learned a lot about this type of cooperation. These are clearly partnerships that work and enhance the operations of municipal government. They take a vision, a dose of leadership, and a commitment to problem solving. And that is what we do every day in the municipal world. 

We hope to make 2016 the year of municipal partnerships. Let me know what you are doing in your city or town to advance this.

Municipalities Matter: Hopes for the Year Ahead

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Municipalities Matter

Hopes for the Year Ahead

2016 is just around the corner, and a new year offers the opportunity to think about the future, and reflect upon the recent past. 

Internationally, and here at home, we have dealt with horrific acts of violence, the reasoning of which I cannot fathom or understand. Colorado Springs will be healing for some time to come. Looking to its future, I know the Springs to be a city whose spirit is strong with great leaders and citizens alike. That gives me hope. 

Paris also recently saw a horrible attack. Yet it also recently hosted an event to give us all hope for the future. Almost a thousand municipal officials from across the globe, including Boulder Councilmember Matt Appelbaum and Aspen Mayor Steve Skadron, witnessed their own leaders from nearly 200 countries sign a treaty addressing many issues affecting the climate. There are a number of municipalities all over the world working on this locally, and these efforts were acknowledged over and over again at this conference. 

Looking at this through a Colorado prism, I watch with great concern natural resource production declines in a number of regions where our cities and towns are getting hit hard, such as the North Fork Valley, Craig, and very recently Clear Creek County. I hope we can continue to examine ways in which the state helps to mitigate these serious disruptions. However, I can tell state policy makers what not to do: Please do not appropriate severance tax dollars away from the Department of Local Affairs and impacted local governments to help balance the state general fund. CML will once again most vigorously oppose that. 

Speaking of natural resources, I hope that we can embark on a strong federal-state-municipal partnership to address the hundreds of abandoned hard rock mines we have around Colorado. The Animas River spill was a terrible incident last summer. It drew a light on a major challenge facing many states in the West. We have to do a better job of examining solutions in a partnership manner. 

Happy New YearI am encouraged by the dialogue going on to accomplish just that, and the League will play an active role. I am also encouraged by the continuing support for cities and towns solving issues locally. The November elections are illustrative of this. In numerous municipalities across Colorado, voters overwhelmingly said yes to infrastructure ballot measures involving debt and tax increases. This has been a consistent theme at the municipal level for an historic period of time here. It tells me that citizens remain bullish on investments in their own communities and have a high level of trust in city and town officials to get the job done. Most convincingly, look at the incredible number of votes approving municipal broadband entry. Not one of these questions received less than a 70 percent approval. If this isn’t a demonstration of trust, then I don’t know what is. CML and Colorado Counties Inc. staffs have been meeting to think about next steps that our two organizations can embark upon together. 

As our General Assembly enters another session next month, I hope that one of the issues state lawmakers will tackle is Gov. John Hickenlooper’s excellently produced water plan. While many parts of it are aspirational rather than prescriptive in nature, this historic document will allow the state to examine an important component of its partnership with municipalities and other local governments around water policy. Kudos to all of those individuals involved in the writing of this report. 

Speaking of the legislature, I hope we can get a comprehensive fix to a simply terrible law enacted last session affecting urban renewal. Just addressing the applicability of the new statute doesn’t cut it. This bill remains a real problem affecting real projects on the ground right now. I remain so very disappointed in the rancor around this issue generated by other local government interests. Municipal efforts involving urban renewal and downtown redevelopment are major cogs in the economic engine of Colorado. Legislative interference encouraged by other local government interests significantly challenges that partnership. I hope we can fix this mess. 

CML has been meeting with TABOR proponents to see if we can accomplish any constitutional change to the language in the amendment dealing with how emergencies, such as the floods of September 2013, can be better addressed. I have appreciated the manner in which those discussions have been proceeding, and I hope we can accomplish something in the months ahead. 

The League has been involved in a herculean effort focused on continuing to simplify basic elements of our sales tax self-collection system for nearly 70 home rule cities and towns. It has been a collaborative effort between business and municipal interests. The dialogue has been very positive, and the success of this effort will come to fruition over the months ahead. I also hope the state can continue to improve its own sales tax collection program for those local governments overseen by the Department of Revenue. 

This past year, CML celebrated our first ever Municipal Heroes Award program. It was a smashing success acknowledging people in our communities who are making a big difference. I am looking forward to meeting our next round of heroes to be announced in June at our annual conference in Vail. I hope you will be there as well. 

The CML Executive Board just revised and adopted a new strategic plan for the organization. I am so pleased with this effort. While you will hear more on the plan over the weeks ahead, it focuses on advocacy, member engagement, training, research and information, and leadership. As was pointed out during the board’s review of this, at its core, CML is a coalition of cities and towns large and small; Front Range, Western Slope, and Eastern Plains - all parts of our beloved Colorado united in the goal of sound municipal government and governance. 

2016 becomes my 37th year with the League, the past 11 years as executive director. I am blessed to work with my wonderful colleagues on the CML staff and to have such outstanding leaders on our CML Executive Board. Most of all, it all turns on you as our vibrant membership of 268 cities and towns. 

I love working for each of you, and hope to hear from you on your hopes for the coming year. I wish you all the best!

Municipalities Matter: With Love

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Municipalities Matter

With Love

Love LetterI recently read an article about a woman in Toronto who has started a campaign encouraging people to write a love letter to a special city or town in their own life. My first reaction was perhaps similar to yours - how corny and silly. Who would want to do something like this? 

But, since this idea first surfaced, it has caught international attention. People are writing all kinds of notes and hiding their letters around their favorite towns. People put the notes inside library books, car windshields, park benches, and so forth. In Akron, Ohio, the love letters are on exhibit in a local art gallery. 

People tend to complain about something where they live - the weather, the bus being late, the pothole that needs fixing. This has become a positive way to talk about what makes a place great, what makes people feel more attached to their community. Once people start to think about things that in fact do work in their city or town, they develop a whole different mindset. 

In a similar vein, the National League of Cities is asking municipal leaders across the country to post on NLC’s Instagram account favorite things about their own cities and towns. 

But, back to this love letter idea. Here is what you do: 

  • Think about things that you really love about your community … consider places where you eat, shop, or play. If you moved away what would you miss the most? 
  • Write the letter by hand. Start with Dear (name of city or town). Sign it, or leave it anonymous - your choice. 
  • Put the letter in an envelope addressed as a love letter to (name of the city or town). Hide it. Make the finder feel like you left it just for them. 

A fun twist is to get school kids involved. They see your community in ways you never even imagined. It could be a fun project. 

In fact, I think this idea of love letters to a favorite city is so cool, I would like to offer one right now:

Dear Colorado Springs, 

I love staring at Pikes Peak and never in doubt why Katharine Lee Bates wrote "America The Beautiful" in your great city. 

I hope you continue to heal. You deserve nothing less. 

During this wonderful time of the year, I remain thankful for so many things, especially working with and for tremendous municipal leaders who love their communities day in and day out. 

I wish you all the best this holiday season, and let me know what you think of this intriguing idea.

Municipalities Matter ... And So Does the Climate

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Municipalities Matter

... And So Does the Climate

Climate Change in ColoradoI don’t know about you, but I just had my trusty Volant skis tuned up. My golf clubs are put away and I cannot wait to hit the slopes! I love skiing as much as anything. Anywhere in our state is always a great powder day. 

As Coloradans, we will enjoy it while we can. Warmer spring and summer temperatures across the state melt our snowpack an average of one to four weeks earlier compared to 30 years ago, according to Gov. John Hickenlooper’s report on climate issues and water availability. This is a major concern to folks I know in the ski industry and in the ski towns, represented by our great partners at CAST (Colorado Association of Ski Towns). 

This warming trend will also likely lead to more heatwaves, wildfires, droughts, and floods. With the historic and deadly fire seasons of 2012 and 2013, and the floods that followed in 2013 still fresh in our minds, Colorado local and state leaders are assessing vulnerabilities and planning for a variety of impacts to our infrastructure and economy. This is why the resiliency partnerships fostered by the Department of Local Affairs and the Colorado Recovery Office, headed by my pal, Molly Urbina, are so important to all of you. 

Paul S. Chinowsky, PhD, professor of civil engineering at the University of Colorado Boulder (go Buffs!) recently wrote about Colorado’s infrastructure vulnerability to climate change for our most recent Knowledge Now. Dr. Chinowsky writes, “Roads bridges, and water systems have been designed for specific environmental conditions that may also be out of date. Changes in these conditions – extremes of heat and cold; floods, and blizzards; excessive rain or drought – will lead to increases in maintenance costs that will far exceed the capacity of individual cities and counties.” 

With regard to water, both ends of the “too little, too much” spectrum are likely for Colorado communities from a combination of increased demand and reduced water supply to increased heavy precipitation events that overwhelm local stormwater and treatment facilities.  

Our transportation networks such as roads and railroads, energy infrastructure, and cities’ building stock will also be hit. Increasing temperatures will weaken paved surfaces on our roads, leading to increased maintenance costs and traffic congestion; it will warp rail lines that will lead to reduced freight capacity and slower passenger rail; and it will place a higher demand on utilities as homeowners and businesses try to keep cool. 

Add it all together, and it is a big impact on our economy. 

Every day, municipal leaders make difficult choices about how to invest in their communities and spend limited taxpayer dollars to make our 271 cities and towns better places in which to live, work, play, support local businesses, and grow the economy. We need a federal government that will be a partner in this endeavor. As the race to the White House continues, I am very interested in how the presidential candidates stand on these issues. The National League of Cities has been doing some great work on the key issues of concern to municipal leaders for the next president. I urge you to look at NLC’s material online and signing up for the email list.  

Intergovernmental leadership is important both at the local level and in Washington on this and so many other important issues. 

I would love to hear from you. What do you think?

Municipalities Matter ... And So Do the Voters

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Municipalities Matter

... And So Do the Voters

Ballot BoxSolid leadership can be found at the municipal level of government, where problems get solved. 

On Nov. 3, citizens in more than 80 Colorado cities and towns will be asked to vote for their municipal leaders, as well as determine the answers to a variety of questions about the future of their communities. 

Issues range from broadband access (in 26 cities and towns, along with 17 counties) to sales tax increases or extensions in 16 municipalities (for projects as diverse as college scholarships in Denver to economic development incentives in Pueblo), from allowing the assumption of debt (particularly for infrastructure improvements) to allowing the retention of revenue. Marijuana is still an issue for municipalities, with 12 cities and towns asking to approve taxes on its sale or production, and four asking voters if sales should be allowed in their jurisdiction. 

How municipalities are governed is also a topic of discussion, with the expansion or elimination of term limits under consideration in several municipalities, while others ask about examining going home rule (Hudson), collective bargaining (Lafayette), or dates of elections (Brookside and Castle Rock). 

Interesting questions are up on economic development, as well as intergovernmental cooperation and land use. 

For a complete summary of election issues, view the CML press release

Other levels of government may talk a lot in order to get problems solved; at the municipal level we act to things done, in concert with our citizens. 

Let me know how you think your ballot measures will fare on Nov. 3. I would love to hear from you.

Municipalities Matter: All the Way to the White House

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Municipalities Matter

All the Way to the White House

The National League of Cities (NLC) has launched Cities and Towns Lead 2016 to be sure that all of the candidates are talking about the issues that matter to all of you: the economy, public safety, and investment in our nation’s infrastructure.

This site is the work of NLC's Presidential Election Task Force, chaired by Gary, Ind., Mayor Karen Freeman-Wilson. I am honored to be a part of this group. When I attend its meetings, I try to put things into a Colorado perspective:  


  • The Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) program has helped cities and towns - urban and rural, on Front Range, Eastern Plains, and Western Slope. It has been a tremendous partnership over many years between Washington and all of us. Where do the candidates stand on this vital program? 
  • At CML's Fall District Meetings - from Silt to Gunnison, from Monte Vista to Aurora, from La Veta to Holyoke - I heard again and again about the serious challenges we face in Colorado with infrastructure - transportation and transit, water and sewer, broadband and more. How will the next president address federal partnership on these issues? 
  • We have said it so many times about cities and towns: The road to our continued strong economy in Colorado runs right through Main Street. Where do the candidates stand on Marketplace Fairness and leveling the playing field between Main Street businesses and e-commerce taxation? 


I have signed on to this NLC effort as a way to say that I personally believe presidential candidates should be focused on these matters. We need a partnership among and between the states, local governments, and Washington to solve some critical issues we all face. We have tried to stay focused on the issues in a factual and neutral manner. I hope you take a look at the statement and sign onto it before Oct. 28 (which happens to be the day that Republican candidates for president will debate at the University of Colorado Boulder campus).

If you have an interest, send me an e-mail and I will pass your name on to the appropriate NLC staff. I want Colorado’s city and town leaders to be part of this important conversation over the months ahead. 

I am anxious to hear from you and what is on your mind. Your leadership matters!