Affordable housing remains an enduring challenge for municipal leaders. Our recent State of Our Cities & Towns report reveals that 26 percent of respondent cities and towns answered that it was “somewhat worse” than 10 years ago, and 17 percent stated it was “much worse.” Only 3 percent said that it was “much better.” Focusing in on the past three years alone, not a single municipality responded that housing had gotten “much better,” and 56 percent selected “somewhat worse” or “much worse.”
Respondents described the supply of housing as “insufficient,” “unattainable,” or “in disrepair,” while they described the need as “critical,” “significant,” and “desperate.” Overall, as one municipality reported, the picture is “bleak.”
Given the severity of the state’s affordable housing crisis, it is not only starter homes that some communities are struggling to provide. Municipalities from the Front Range to the Eastern Plans mentioned the need for housing throughout the price spectrum. Multiple respondents lamented the high cost of water, shortage of skilled labor, and proliferation of short-term rentals exacerbating the issue. In addition, community response to municipal attempts to address the concern has ranged from tepid acceptance to vehement opposition.
Mountain communities have watched housing costs rise out of reach of the workforce on whom their tourism-based economies rely, and these soaring prices affect the rental housing stock as well as homes for purchase. Rural cities and towns have reported difficulty attracting developers willing to build in their area even as the demand is growing, and many existing homes have been neglected or abandoned.
A lack of affordable housing options has cascading effects. In one Front Range community, for example, fewer than 5 percent of City employees live in the City simply because they cannot afford to do so. Their commutes increase traffic congestion and pollution. In addition to these more visible impacts, a workforce that is forced to commute can make individuals feel like outsiders to the very community they serve, interfering with the neighborly interactions that can make a city or town feel like home. An inability to provide workforce housing also may lead to challenges recruiting and retaining workers in all sectors, which is already being felt by 53 percent of respondents. Ultimately, housing challenges can contribute to slower economic growth, as reported by 40 percent of respondents.
The increase in housing costs also has had a noticeable impact on the number of homeless individuals within communities around the state. While only 20 percent of respondents reported an increase in homelessness directly connected to affordable housing challenges, 37 percent reported an increase in homelessness in the past three years due to any factors, with that number skyrocketing to 95 percent in municipalities with a population greater than 25,000. This increase has left municipalities struggling to find enough resources to provide services for homeless individuals.
In the face of these challenges, municipal leaders are taking action. Forty-two percent of respondents either currently have a housing affordability plan or plan to create one in the next three years, and 61 percent work with a local or regional housing authority. Cities and towns are fast-tracking land use applications and waiving permit fees on affordable housing projects, zoning for tiny homes, and entering into agreements with developers to place deed restrictions on certain properties.
The League is committed to facing the housing crisis head-on as part of our commitment to serving our member cities and towns. Our most recent Making The Municipal Connection podcast focuses on homelessness. And we just posted a video on the City of Wheat Ridge and one step they are taking to address the issue of affordable housing. In addition, this topic is the sole focus of the February issue of our Colorado Municipalities magazine.
This perennial issue is one all municipal leaders need to think and talk about. I’d be interested in hearing what you are doing in your community.